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Glossary of Windows Terms

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accelerator key : A keyboard shortcut for a command. For example, Ctrl + Alt + Delete is an accelerator key for the task manager in Windows 95.

Activate -: To make a window active by bringing it to the front.
active window -:The current window that is being used.
Applet -:A small application that cannot run by itself.
Application -:A computer program.
Associate :-To link a file with a certain program. This way, when you double-click on an associated file, it will open the correct program.
Asynchronous SRAM (Async SRAM) : Async SRAM is not synchronized with the system clock, so the CPU must wait for requested data from the L2 cache.
Attribute -:A characteristic or property.
auto arrange : In Windows Explorer, selecting auto arrange will lock any visible icons into a grid or pattern.
background operation : This is an action performed by an application when another application is already active.
Backup : A Windows 95 program that allows the user to back up files from a hard disk onto a floppy disk, another computer, or tape drive.
BIOS -:Basic Input/Output System.
batch program : A text file that tells Windows 95 to perform one or more actions in order.
Binary -:A numbering system which uses only two values : 0 and 1.
BEDO RAM (Burst Extended-data-out RAM) : Can handle 4 data elements in one burst, which allows the last 3 elements to avoid the delay of the first.
binary file -:Any file that has characters other than text.
bits per second (BPS) -:A data transmission speed measurement over a serial link.
boot partition : The partition of the hard disk that holds the Windows 95 operating system.
Browse -:To examine and search through files, directories, the Internet etc.
Cascade : An arrangement of Windows so each window is neatly stacked with only the title bar of each window is showing.
CD-ROM drive : A disk drive which uses thin round discs. The amount of information stored on these discs can be very large, and read quickly. A CD-ROM drive is what reads these discs.
check box -:A dialog box, usually square, that records an on or off value.
Clear -:Normally refers to removing the check from a checkbox.
Clicking -:Swiftly pressing and releasing a mouse button.
Client : Any workstation that connects to another computer’s resources.
Clipart : Any image that you can use to add into a document. Clipart comes in many varieties of file types including .CGM, .BMP, .GIF, and .WMF formats.
Clipboard : A temporary storage location in Windows. The clipart will store one piece of information at a time when it is manually added to the clipart or is copied there.
close button : The X in the upper right corner of a window. When clicked, it will close the current window.
Collapsing : Hiding an additional level of directories beneath the selected directory in My Computer or Windows Explorer.
color scheme : A selection of colors that the user sees when using Windows. These colors make up the display of applications, dialog boxes, etc.
COM : COM refers to a serial port on which a peripheral is connected to. A COM port is a communications port. Peripherals plugged into COM ports usually include modems and mice.
Command : An option form an application’s menu, or a command typed in by the user, such as at a DOS prompt or at the Run dialog box in Windows.
command button -:A command button, when clicked, will cause an action to occur.
Connection : An established communication session between a server and a workstation.
control menu : Any menu that exists in every window and allows the user to change its settings such as its size and position.
Control Panel : A system utility that comes with Windows that allows the use to change a variety if different Windows and system settings.
conventional memory -:Memory located in the first 640K block.
CPU : Central Processing Unit. This is what you may call the "brain" of your computer.
current window -:The window that you are using right now.
Cursor : The representation of the mouse on-screen. Depending on your settings, the cursor can be many different things.
Database : A group of files or a single file that is designed to hold recurring data types, just as if the files are lists.
data bits : The number of bits needed to transmit a single piece of information. This number is usually around 7 or 8.
default button : A command button that will activate once the user presses Enter. The default button is recognizable by a dark outline around it.
default printer : The printer that will print documents automatically if a different printer is not specified beforehand.
Desktop -:The area of the screen where windows are displayed.
dialog box : A message box that appears on-screen that asks the user for input or relays information to the user.
Dial-up Networking -:Using a modem to dial into a remote site network.
DIMM (Dual In-line Memory Module) : A module on which RAM is packaged. DIMM’s can be used individually on a Pentium motherboard.
Disk Defragmenter : A Windows 95 tool that organizes blocks of information on your hard drive to shorten the time it takes to read certain files.
docking station : An external device for use with laptop computers that provides additional options for the laptop. These include a full screen monitor, a mouse, an extra disk drive, serial ports, and many other options as well.
Document -:A file created by an application.
DOS : Disk Operating System. DOS refers to any Disk Operating System such as MS-DOS and PC-DOS.
double-click : Swiftly pressing the same mouse button twice, while keeping the mouse pointer stationary.
Download -:Retrieving a file from a BBS, an FTP site, or a remote computer.
Drag : Holding the mouse button down while moving it to a different position on screen.
drag and drop : When you click your mouse once and an object and hold it, while simultaneously moving that item to a different location.
DRAM (Dynamic RAM) : The standard main memory type in most of today’s computers. DRAM is stored with information as a series or charges in a capacitor.
DriveSpace : DriveSpace is a program that comes with Windows 95 that gives the user a number of options dealing with disk drives. These options include mounting and unmounting a drive, compressing and decompressing a drive, checking how much space is left on a disk drive and so on.
drop-down list : A dialog box such as a File menu that contains one command until it is clicked when a number of different commands "drop-down."
dual-boot : A dual-boot system is one that when booted, will give the user a choice to boot into either of two operating systems.
EDO RAM (Extended-Data-Out RAM) : EDO RAM recognizes that most of the time when the CPU requests memory for a particular address, it will want some more addresses nearby.

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